We may not control some risk factors that cause cancer, such as unlucky genes or environmental factors. However, it is possible to reduce the risk of cancer by taking some measures in our daily life.
Tobacco is a major risk factor that causes cancer deaths worldwide and which is largely preventable. Tobacco is known as the cause 22 percent of all cancer deaths, according to the scientists. Not only smoking, but chewing tobacco and snuffing are also causing cancer. Staying away from cigarette will be the first step to prevent cancer.
Not staying under the sun too much may be effective to prevent skin cancer. Use plenty of protective sun cream. Ultraviolet rays are the most effective between 10 and 16 hours. Stay away from sunlight at these hours. Using hats and sunglasses also provides additional protection. It was determined by the scientists that the solarium devices that emit ultraviolet rays are also carcinogenic.
Some types of cancer can be detected in early stages, because of their clear indications. Regular self-monitoring and screening may help early detection and treatment of certain types of cancer, such as skin or breast cancer. Unfortunately, there is no possibility to make a precautionary inspection for all types of cancer.
Borne, colon, breast, uterus and kidney cancer types are linked to excess weight and obesity. Regular sports and exercise, as well as eating plenty of fruit and vegetables and having a healthy diet significantly reduce the risk of cancer.
According to the scientists infections are responsible for about 22 percent of cancer deaths in developing countries and 6 percent in developed countries. It is determined that hepatitis virus increases the risk of liver cancer, human papilloma virus increases the risk of cervical cancer, and pylori bacteria increase stomach cancer risk. Namely, it is important to be protected against some viruses.
In order to reduce the risk of cancer, also be careful with alcohol consumption. According to the World Health Organization, the risk of cancer is related with the consumption of alcohol. Alcohol increases the risk of cancer types of pharynx, gluttony, food borne, liver, colon and breast.
The World Health Organization also states that contamination of air, water and soil with cancer causing substances is the reason of approximately 4 percent of all cancer types.