Multiple Sclerosis and Pregnancy


Multiple sclerosis, commonly known as MS disease, can occur with a variety of symptoms, such as movement lag, muscle weakness, partial paralysis, imbalance, speech and visual disturbances. There are more than 3 million MS (Multiple Sclerosis) patients in the world. MS disease develops in episodes and can only be cured under appropriate treatment and regular supervision. People who deal with the debilitating effects of multiple sclerosis are really strong and courageous. But, if a woman with multiple sclerosis disease is pregnant, she has to be stronger and more courageous.

It is known that pregnancy does not affect the long-term course of a woman’s disease with multiple sclerosis. MS does not have undesirable effects on pregnancy process, birth pang and birth; indeed, the symptoms often become more stable or less violent.

Many women see that MS crises are less frequent during their pregnancy. It is thought to be due to the reduced effectiveness of the immune system because of the pregnancy hormones. It is believed that this temporary development is related to changes in the immune system, so that the woman’s body can become able to carry a baby. Every baby in the mother’s womb carries genetic material from her father as much as her mother.  And, mother’s body sees the fetus as a foreign tissue, just like a transplanted organ in the bod and it tries to throw out the fetus. In order to prevent the mother’s body to do this,  a natural process that suppresses the mother’s immune system enters the mother’s womb.

The birth pang of a woman with multiple sclerosis is handled very similarly to the pangs of other women. Some obstetricians see the narcosis or relaxation and breathing techniques that prepare normal birth as the best method of pain relief at birth. On the other hand, some others say that general anesthesia or epidural anesthesia is the most suitable birth method.

Women with MS who are already known to have loss of perception must be followed closely at 9 months. Because, they may not be able to detect the onset of contraction for birth. However, women with MS who are planning becoming pregnant should be aware of that certain medications used in the treatment of multiple sclerosis should not be used during pregnancy and breastfeeding. These drugs can cause birth defects, or they can go through embryo through blood.

Nevertheless, most women see that MS has either worsened again during the first 6 months after birth. Some patients have experienced two or three times more often crisis than the usual. There is no evidence that the pregnancy affects the general course of MS disease. In addition, MS does not constitute a hindrance to pregnancy on its own, and physical inadequacy can make it more difficult for the child to care, while not introducing significant risk to the baby. In this case, voluntary childcare support from the family or friends, paid childcare and nursery support is highly recommended. MS does not have an effect on birth and breastfeeding. But in women’s immunotherapy program, pregnancy and breastfeeding are not recommended. Some medicines used for the treatment of MS can harm the baby’s development.

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