Stress is among the classic risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Being under stress constantly increases the risk of stroke, coronary artery diseases and heart attack. It has also been scientifically proven that having too much stress leads to the appearance or worsening of dysrhythmias and disruption of the clinical presentation in patients with heart failure. It is also determined that chronic stress factors such as natural disasters, sporting events, terrorist attacks, work intensity and heavy traffic increase the risk of heart attack 4-8 times.
Chronic stress stimulates the cortex of the brain, increasing adrenaline secretion in the body and activating other hormonal pathways. This activation causes an increase in oxygen requirement of the hearth, an immediate dynamic contraction of the veins, facilitation of clotting, and rhythm disturbances.
According to the results of the recent researches, it is possible to say that work stress affects the risk of heart attack 1.5-2 times whereas family problems increase the risk 3-4 times. On the other hand, the depression or panic attacks rises the risk of cardiovascular disease considerably.
There is also a disease of ‘Taka-Tsubo cardiomyopathy’ which is very similar with the heart attack. It only occurs because of having acute stress. Coronary vessels are normal during Taka-Tsubo cardiomyopathy. Most of the patients having Taka-Tsubo cardiomyopathy come to the clinics with chest pain. The condition imitates the heart attack. However, when it is seen that coronary vessels are normal after the implementation of coronary angiography, severe stress is detected.
Although it is not possible to stay away completely from the stress, we must find out the sources of stress in our lives and remove them from our lives in order to prevent the occurrence of serious fatal diseases such as heart attacks.