What is dystonia?


What is dystonia?

Dystonia is a mobility disorder, condemns patients to an addictive life because of involuntary contractions it creates in the body. Dystonia, which prevents patients from writing, speaking, and sometimes even turning their heads, can be treated with brain-sparing surgery. The patients are able to return to their old healthy days by the help of surgery operations.

Dystonia, which affects the daily lives of patients, is a disease of muscle contractions. The involuntary muscle contractions in the body prevent patients from writing and sometimes even turning their heads. Dystonia is a neurological disease that goes on with muscle contractions in different parts of the body. As a result of the inability of the motion control centers in the brain to work properly, muscle contractions occur in different parts of the body during this disease. Dystonia is mostly tried to be cured with medicines and the botox therapy. If the disease is in a later stage, brain-sparing surgery may also be a treatment preference.

Dystonic contractions can affect many parts of the body. The disease can be on the face, neck, trunks, arms and legs. Muscle contractions in dystonia patients are seen in different severity changing from patient to patient. While some patients can live their lives independently, some patients can live just with help.

Initial findings may include hand distortion, cramping in the hands or feet, stretching or sneezing backwards, retraction and closing of the eyelids. Speech disorders or blinks may be added to these symptoms. Symptoms may stay the same level for a long time, and then may progress rapidly.

In some patients there is a genetic prevalence which occurs without a specific cause behind it. In addition, cerebrovascular accident, trauma occurred during giving birth to a child, accidents, traffic accidents and similar traumas, use of anti-psychotic and antidepressant drugs may cause dystonia.

Generally contractions may spread quickly in the body. In some adults, the disease may occur during late adolescence or adulthood. In these cases, contractions often start from the upper parts of the body. Dystonic contractions usually increase with voluntary movements. Stress, sadness, fatigue may increase dystonic contractions. Unfortunately, dystonia is not an old age illness. The dystonia can be seen at any age. Even the children between 5 and 16 can have dystonic contractions. Seizures starting below the age of 21 mostly tend to spread to other parts of the body.

There are many different drugs used to reduce muscle contractions and pain in dystonia patients. Botulinum toxin treatment can also be tried with inadequate medical care. Botox therapy may be beneficial to reduce and avoid the symptoms but its effect will disappear after a few months and you will need to recover your treatment.

Surgical treatments are used to reduce contractions in patients when medicine treatment and botox therapy is not enough. Brain battery application is thought to be the most useful methods in patients with dystonia who cannot be treated with drugs and Botox. In this treatment, two thin electrodes are placed in a region called the “basal ganglia” responsible for the movement of the brain, connected to a neurostimulator device placed under the skin with an extension cord extending from the skin. The electricity given through these electrodes leads to considerable improvement to prevent contractions.

These are the medical treatments methods for dystonia. Having Healthy life habits, physical therapy and exercises may also help to reduce the symptoms of dystonia. Minimize stress and tension, take frequent breaks and manage your workloads…

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