Chest disease specialists warned about that there has been an increase in respiratory tract infections at the autumn season. Chest disease specialists also explained the prevention and treatment methods of respiratory tract infections which increased during the autumn season. They stated that respiratory infections may be transmitted by air to the people or by droplets coming into contact while talking or sneezing with the droplets placed on the surface during hand-squeezing, hugging, or kissing.
70 to 80 percent of respiratory tract infections are transmitted with viruses, the rest are transmitted via bacteria. Viruses cannot be killed with antibiotics. Therefore, it is unnecessary to use antibiotics in every respiratory infection. Respiratory tract infections consist of upper respiratory tract infections such as influenza, flu, pharyngitis, sinusitis, laryngitis and lower respiratory tract infections such as bronchitis, bronchiolitis, zoster and tuberculosis. In respiratory tract infections, there may be complaints such as nasal discharge and obstruction, fever, cough, sputum, sneezing, headache, nasal discharge, sore throat, loss of appetite, chest and muscle pain. Best treatment methods for respiratory tract infections are resting, plenty of fluid intakes, nose drops for nose complaints, painkillers and fever reducers.
Chest disease specialists noted that some untreated respiratory infections may progress to pneumonia, especially in people with weak immune systems. The use of antibiotics is unnecessary; if a bacterial infection occurs the antibiotic addition may be done by the doctor.
What about the ways to protect against respiratory tract infections. Health specialists state that smoking and staying in smoking areas and places that are not well ventilated in crowded and enclosed environments can cause formation of respiratory tract infections.
In order to keep our body resistance high, we need to have a balanced diet, take plenty of fluids, sleep enough, exercise, and use the sun’s rays. We must not have contact with sick people, we frequently wash our hands with soap, and use hand disinfectants when there is no soap or water. Do not cling to surfaces such as places where micro-contamination risk is high like door handles, stair handrails, bus handles as much as possible. It is very important that these microbes are frequently wiped with disinfectants where the risk of contamination is high, and of course, those who are at risk should have influenza vaccinations and pneumonia vaccinations.