According to the data of the World Health Organization, there are about 600 million obese and 1.9 billion overweight people living in the world. In the report of the WHO it is noticed that fats that accumulate around the waist can trigger various diseases. The report also points out that overweight and obesity are in the fifth rank causing deaths in the world. The risk of death in those who have twice or more weight than their standard weights is 12 times more than those in healthy weight.
Obesity increases the risk of having many types of cancer, cardiovascular diseases, stroke, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, osteoarthritis, biliary diseases, gastroesophageal reflux, sleep apnea and respiratory failure. In addition to the problems it creates on its own, it also increases the importance of obesity, in terms of many diseases that can result in death.
Nutrition and Diet Experts say that the excess fat in the body, especially around the waist, is more effective in increasing the risk of disease because of the fact that the fat accumulated in the lumbar region is closer to the internal organs, the organs are covered with oil and increase the risk of metabolic disease. They point out that measurement of waist circumference should be 80 cm for women and 94 cm for men.
In addition to excessive and miscarriage, lack of physical activity is the most important cause of obesity in the world today. Nutrition and Diet Experts explain that physical exercise is necessary in terms of prevention of cardiovascular diseases as well as prevention of excess weight.
There are more than 300 different genes that are associated with obesity. People who are genetically prone to obesity, can gain weight gain and become obesity easily if they do not care their nutrition and life styles.
Body mass index (BMI), the simplest measure used to identify obesity, is the first sign of excessive weight. In order to determine the BMI, the weight measurement needs to be divided by the square of the height measurement. If the result is between 20 and 25, your weight is normal. If it is between 25 and 30 you are medium weight. If it is over 30 you are overweight.
It is necessary to evaluate the body fat ratio together with the measurement of BMI, and that it is necessary to have a professional opinion. The solution must first be passed to a health examination. Factors leading to weight gain should be investigated, family storytelling, lifestyle should be investigated, and road maps should be defined in nutrition-related issues.
The basis of obesity treatment is diet and physical exercise. However, many people fail to compromise their culinary skills and have difficulty reaching their goals of weight loss because they do not move.
Nutrition and Diet Experts states that at this stage people are confused by their inadequate diet and weight loss methods, and they say a special weight loss program must be applied to the person to control the weight loss permanently and expertly.