Over-exposure to harmful rays of the sun increases the risk of “melanoma“, one of the most dangerous skin cancers.
Over-exposure to the sun increases the risk of “melanoma”, one of the most dangerous skin cancers. Medical Oncology Experts warn about that melanoma often emerges as a new mole in the body, but mostly an old mole causes melanoma by changing. They state that in melanoma, the moles are asymmetric, not round and you can be suspicious in moles growing in size and changing color. If a mole is seen in the body with these features, a skin disease specialist should be consulted immediately. Untreated skin cancers can spread rapidly to the lungs, liver or brain.
Although open-skinned people are at greater risk, everyone should take precautions to protect themselves from the harmful rays of the sun, avoiding excessive exposure to the sun. Well what we must do in order to protect our body from skin cancer.
The consequences of exposure to the sun occur over time. According to the American Skin Cancer Foundation, sunburn, which passed at least once in childhood or youth, doubles the risk of developing melanoma in older ages. The solarium is definitely risky. Researches show that this “sunbathing” in an indoor environment also increases the risk of skin cancer.
You can use sunscreen creams to protect your skin from harmful rays of the sun. You can protect your skin with suitable clothes by not being exposed to the sun during times of sunshine. Especially the wide-edged hats that protect your face, ears and shoulders are very useful. It is also beneficial to wear light, and long-sleeved clothing to protect yourself from the sun’s rays.
Sunscreen creams protect skin from harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun. 30 protection factor sun creams are enough to protect from sunlight. However, you need to apply them to the skin in sufficient quantity before going out to the sun in order for these creams to be effective. If your skin is blushing or tanned, it means that you have not rubbed the cream properly or enough. It is important to rinse the skin with sunscreen products every two hours.
It is suggested to go outdoors early in the morning and late in the afternoon to be protected from the sun. It is important to avoid going out to the streets or take preventive measures especially during the hours of 10:00-14:00, where the sun’s rays are most intense. Ultraviolet rays are also effective on the cloudy days. Therefore, it is important to apply sunscreen cream on cloudy days although the weather is closed.
Check your body regularly and be aware of newly formed or changing moles. If you come across a suspicious mole, go to a skin disease specialist without wasting time. Melanoma can be treated if it is diagnosed and surgically removed at an early stage. Early diagnosis is very important in skin cancers as it is in every type of cancer.
Skin cancer has increased by 4 percent over the last 20 years compared to the previous years. Skin cancer, one of the most common skin cancers is increasing every year. It is known that skin cancer, the most common type of cancer, has increased by 4 percent every year over the last 20 years compared to the previous year. Increased awareness of cancer and increased numbers of early diagnoses, increased ozone depletion in the skies, exposure to ultraviolet light for under sun or tanning of the skin, and chronic renal insufficiency that causes the immune system to weaken and diseases such as AIDS are the main reasons for this increase.
Main risks for melanoma development are dysplastic nevus and congenital nevus. Dysplastic nevus, which is present in about 4-17% of the societies, may develop melanoma in 0.6-2% of the cases, depending on the results of the recent studies.
Congenital nevus is the moles present at birth and the risk of developing melanoma increases in proportion to the size of mole. Women who have hormonal changes, such as pregnancy, menopause, and estrogen hormone treatment also have a higher risk of developing melanoma. As it is in all cancer types, the success of treatment of skin cancers depends on early diagnosis.
At this point, it is very important for the person to observe his/her body well and to have the physician’s examination at certain intervals. In general, if a skin lesion does not heal within six months, or if an existing mole begins to change, an expert must immediately be seen.