Dizziness, in other words, vertigo has been very common in recent years. Despite not being a clear figure, about 40 percent of the patients who applied to the otorhinolaryngology outpatient clinics are complaning about dizziness. Even if we first worry about neurological problems such as brain tumors when we have dizziness, the reason is mostly ear diseases. Of course, the balance and hearing test must be done for a certain diagnosis. There are many diseases causing vertigo.
Meniere’s disease is one of the diseases that causes dizziness. Ear tinnitus, fullness in the ear, hearing loss and dizziness crises are someof the symptoms of . Meniere’s disease. Crises usually last for hours. If treatment with drug is not enough, cortisone may be applied to the middle ear by scratching the eardrum or attaching a tube. Intensive stress is said to play an important role in the formation of this disease. Thus, in order to prevent the progression of Meniere’s disease and to protect hearing, ypu must avoid stress.
The dizziness may occur because of the pouring of ear crystals. You may somestimes have dizziness while turning from one sideto the other after you woke up. It usually occurs when turning right or left in the bed or looking down and looking up.
Inner ear affection also causes a powerful dizziness accompanied by severe nausea and vomiting. The underlying cause is usually the cold that has passed three to four weeks ago.
Chronic otitis media can also cause dizziness. In the chronic middle ear inflammation, the bones weaken due to the formation of cholesteatom, which leads to vertigo . severe sneezing in people with allergies can trigger the problem. With regular follow-up and surgical procedures this disease can be treated.
Migraine headache can be synchronized with dizziness. Clinical picture can be observed with the finding of pressure increase in the inner ear. Together with dizziness attacks, there is a feeling of pressure and fullness close to the ear. As the migraine is treated, dizziness episodes also end.
Systemic diseases such as cardiovascular system disorders such as hypertension, varicose veins and arrhythmias, thyroid diseases, anemia, diabetes, adrenal disorders and autoimmune diseases can cause dizziness.
Central nervous system diseases like head trauma, epilepsy, brain-damaged diseases, central nervous system tumors can also be reason of dizziness. Other symptoms accompanying this complaint must be carefully examined to determine the underlying causes.
Psychological episodes of depression, anxiety, and fear can create dizziness. Psychological assistance has great importance in treatment.
The pressure changes occuring during sea and air travel could also lead to dizziness. People who have a past history of carsickness are also more likely to have dizziness complaints. Dizziness can be one of the syptoms of jet lag.
Some drugs used in anxiety, depression, sleep and tension problems and some antibiotics can also cause dizziness. It is important to notice that sudden withdrawal of depression drugs can also trigger dizziness.