A donated unit of blood is able to meet the needs of 3 different patients by the separation of the blood into red blood cells, platelets and plasmids.
According to a report of the World Health Organization, the most reliable blood is the one taken voluntarily, regularly and consciously from donors of blood, without any expectation of personal gain and with their own free will. A donated unit of blood can meet the needs of 3 different patients by separating whole blood into red blood cells, platelets and plasma.
Blood donation has very important benefits as it is not harm to donator’s daily life. Before giving blood, a mini check-up is done by measuring blood group, blood count (hemoglobin) and serological tests along with height, weight, blood pressure, heart rate, body temperature information beside the questionnaire about your health. Laboratory tests are also important in terms of getting necessary precautions by providing early detection of blood-borne diseases. The blood cells and organs of the donor are stimulated and blood cells are renewed by being sent to make new blood.
The volunteers who donate blood are free to carry out the following important laboratory tests including Anti-HIV test (AIDS), Anti-HCV test (Hepatitis C), HBsAg test (Hepatitis B), Syphilis test, blood group tests (ABO, Rh) and complete blood count tests especially Hemoglobin, Hematocrit, Leukocyte, Thrombocyte. However, having these tests may be vital for the early diagnosis of some diseases for the donor.
Regular blood donors are thought to increase body resistance against harmful oxidizing agents for cells and thus prevent some diseases. Blood donation also has positive on metabolite levels of cholesterol, triglyceride, sugar and blood tests such as urea, creatinine, and uric acid. It is also thought to be effective against cardiovascular system, preventing vascular occlusion, reducing the risk of heart attack and preventing some diseases such as stroke.
After blood donation, the donor must pay attention to some aspects. The donor must not stand immediately after blood donation and he/she must rest for 5-10 minutes. If you are smoking, do not smoke for at least 1 hour after blood donation. It is also important not to drink alcoholic beverages for the first meal after donation. Do not carry heavy objects for several hours with your blood-supplied arm. And, do not take a bath or shower for 5-6 hours after blood donation.